Under NTSDA’s current strategic plan (2019-2023), the following units were launched as national science and technology infrastructure:

National Biobank of Thailand serves as an infrastructure for preserving biological resources which include plants, seeds and microorganisms for use in research. Designed to link with Digital Biobank which comprises digital cell bank, digital seed bank, digital gene bank and human genome database, the National Biobank will facilitate scientists to harness the power of bioresources to further the development of bioeconomy and discover solutions for global challenges.

National Omics Center is a central facility fully equipped with cutting-edge genomic, proteomics, transcriptomic and metabolomics tools that enable biologists to generate and process omics data to support a better understanding of biological systems and eventually the development of successful innovations. The center also provides supportive services for companies and academia with state-of-the-art facility and competent research team.

NSTDA Supercomputer Center performs frontier research in computational science, data analytics and artificial intelligence (AI) as well as provides high performance computing service to researchers in Thailand to perform computational science research on challenges of national interest. With an advancement in science, large amount of data has been created and the center aims to equip researchers and professionals with tools to harness the power of big data.

Technology and Informatics Institute for Sustainability serves as a central body to house the National Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Database as well as to develop data management system and LCA tools in accordance with the international standards. As LCA is widely used across the industry to provide manufacturers and consumers with valuable information on environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life, this center will play a crucial role in supporting and enhancing Thailand’s industry competitiveness.

Thai Microelectronics Center serves as a key infrastructure to support research and development of microelectronics technology. Armed with a research team specializing in MEMS technology, silicon technology, surface technology and microfluidics as well as a state-of-the-art facility to fabricate integrated circuits, TMEC plays a pivotal role in building a thriving innovation ecosystem for Thai sensors industry. The center also engages in human resource development program to support both academic and industrial sectors.