A genetically modified microorganism (GMM) is a microorganism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic modification techniques to produce desired genetic features for specific needs. In an industrial scale, GMMs have been utilized to produce specially designed products in a wide range of industries, from pharmaceutical and

medical supply industry, food industry, to bio-industry. To ensure the human and environmental safety, the Technical Biosafety Committee (TBC) released "Biosafety Guidelines for Contained Use of Genetically Modified Microorganisms at Pilot and Industrial Scales" in 2004, with regular revisions for the most up-to-date information. The Guidelines specify “How to” information in both pilot and industrial scales such as GMM classification, containment levels, GMM waste management, transportation, possession, emergency plans and the personal responsibility for the misuse of GMMs.

Since the use of GMM has been on the rise, the understanding and awareness among practitioners is necessary for the proper handling. BIOTEC, in collaboration with Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University and Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, organized the Law and Regulation workshop on How to Use Genetically Modified Microorganisms (GMMs) in Thailand on July 9, 2015, specifically targeting at regulatory officers and staff in the industry working with GMM. The workshop was attended by 64 participants from 16 governmental organizations and 11 companies in Thailand.