Thailand’s printing industry and its advancements into the digital era have led to considerable success in exporting printed products, including photographic books, children’s publications, calendars, postcards, greeting cards, posters, pop-up books, and various types of catalogues.

Recently graphene has been locally synthesized, using an electrochemical technique, for conductive ink production for the first time in Thailand.  The work has been carried out by NSTDA’s scientist at NECTEC.  This achievement marks an important milestone in inkjet printing as it plays an important role in the low-cost fabrication of integrated circuits compared with etching integrated circuits in a clean room.  The printed graphene can be also used as a transparent electrode to replace indium tin oxide (ITO) for flexible displays.

Currently, manufacturers in South Korea and Taiwan use graphene in their displays, especially flexible and touch screen displays, to increase material elasticity by around 20 percent and to lower the costs.  This elastic material is also suitable for e-book readers and e-paper. >>